Library

Product Applications

Eductor Applications

Mixing:

  • Lifting, pumping, mixing, and agitating liquids, granular solids, and slurries
  • Pumping and mixing operations in oil treating systems
  • Continuous blending systems using eductors in addition to pumps, shear blenders, and static mixers
  • Tank mixing, agitating and blending using eductors that can handle a variety of viscosities and types of liquids
  • Producing emulsions and fine solids dispersion in food, nutraceuticals, personal and home care products, industrial lubricants, environmental processes, biofuels and other applications
  • Condensate eductors for removal of condensate from steam systems
  • Mixing steam and liquids for pipeline heating applications
  • Tank liquid agitation eductor to maintain solids in suspension
  • Batch mixing of dry powder in tank feeds
  • Eliminate need for mechanical mixers in tanks
  • Water Jet Eductors used in tank blending of oils to provide continuous agitation, recirculation, blending, and mixing

Entrainment:

  • An eductor uses pressurized liquid to entrain another liquid
  • Introduce water treating compound into boiler feed water
  • Handling granular solids and combine into solutions
  • Mixing hydrocarbon with caustic streams in power generation
  • Chemical blending and fluid delivery solutions
  • Mix dry powder into solutions
  • Carbon transfer and waste carbon system
  • Batch mixing, blending, and entrainment
  • Water Jet Eductor with hopper used to entrain, mix, blend, and combine powders or granular solids
  • Water Jet Eductors used in proportioning system to introduce anti-knock agents and coloring additives into gasoline; to mix in desired proportions and then discharged
  • Used to entrain detergents in paper mill applications
  • Introduce water treating compound into boiler feedtank or feedwater

Evacuating:

  • Using liquid to create vacuum to dewater sand and coal barges

Pumping:

  • Pumping sand and filter clay to re-charge filter systems
  • Eductor used in removal of condensate when system is operating below atmospheric pressure
  • Use liquid under pressure to pump or convey granular solids
  • Eductors are an important component of vacuum-type chlorinators and sulfonators and are also used for transporting dry polyelectrolytes in waste treatment operations
  • Pumping sludge without clogging
  • Waste treatment operation in petroleum refineries
  • Cleaning hydro pump sumps
  • Underwater research vessel
  • Water Jet Eductors used in pumping operations and mixing liquids such as chemicals and fertilizers
  • Pumping food products using stainless steel eductors with sanitary flange connections
  • Evacuate large receptacles of waste process without contaminating pump system
  • Draining flooded areas using liquid jet educators
  • Condensate eductor for evacuation of condensate lines in steam systems
  • Pumping waste water from quench tanks and cleaning inline pipes with heated water in steel processing
  • Pumping sludge out of petroleum refinery tanks
  • Sand and mud eductor used to build land bridges in forestry service by moving dredged material to a specific location
  • Moving powdered material or material in granular form
  • Water Jet Eductors used to pump out sumps or empty tanks and bilges

Automatic Pumping:

  • Manual or automatically control of water level in evaporators using liquid jet educators
  • Automatic pumping with eductor where fluid accumulates slowly and must be evacuated when a predetermined level is reached
  • Control level in latex sump in chemical processing
  • Control level of waste in photo and glass sumps in chemical processing
  • Intermittent pumping of liquids from tanks and pits
  • Used to wet down gelgard, use for aerial firefighting in chemical processing plants
  • Emptying tanks and sumps where electric lines are not available

Jet Syphon Applications

Mixing:

  • Steam Jet Syphons used in condensing and mixing ammonia in water in a tank without the use of a pump

Entrainment:

  • Steam Jet Syphons used to supply heated water to jackets of stills and graining bowls; to eliminate temperature gradients in tanks by constant entrainment and mixing
  • Steam Jet Syphons used as pipeline heater in a system for the continuous application of detergent solution in paper mill; to entrain, mix, and heat
  • Used on dust collecting equipment by converting the output of a blower into suction that is used to entrain and feed

Evacuating:

  • Steam Jet Syphons used for intermittent pumping of liquids from tanks and pits; to evacuate tanks, pits, cellars and other receptacles
  • Use waste steam from turbines to drain open outside holding sumps in power industry
  • Aboard ship for drainage of laundry holding tank
  • Pumping waste water from quench tanks and cleaning inline pipes with heated water in steel processing
  • Used for draining large receptacles of waste process
  • Removing liquid from pickling baths
  • Extracting chemicals in reaction chambers
  • Filling and emptying gas holder tanks

Pumping:

  • Oxygenate water in hatchery and fish transport
  • Pumping filtrate from vacuum vessels and condensate from surface condensers
  • Moving powdered material or material in granular form
  • Handling soap solutions in textile plants
  • Pumping sugar juice and various liquids in canning plants

Automatic Pumping:

  • Automatic pumping of chemical spills
  • Automatic pumping of condensate sump for power industry
  • Automatic pumping of water with air to create oxygenation in hot house in agricultural industry

Solids Handling Eductors Applications

  • Pneumatic Conveying Eductors used in bag dump stations to convey food additives and fine powders
  • Solids Handling Eductors used in abrasive material handling to convey coke fines, sand, metal, and powders
  • Pneumatic Conveying Eductors used in existing installations that employ rotary valves
  • Pneumatic Conveying Eductors used in sensitive material handling such as plastic pellets, activated carbon, pet foods, and cereals; resulting in less product damage and degradation
  • Solids Handling Eductors used in applications using high temperature and varying size solids
  • Solids Handling Eductors using liquid in handling dry solids in applications conveying granular solids dropped from a storage hopper into a vibrating feeder
  • Convey irregular shape product that needs to be pneumatically transported
  • Pneumatic transfer system that operates with low motive air pressure requirements
  • Convey solid product including pellets, powders and particulates, into positive, dilute-phase or dense-phase conveying systems dependent on material’s particle size and shape, bulk density, moisture content, abrasiveness, friability, cohesiveness, hygroscopicity, static charge, explosivity, toxicity, melt point, and many others
  • Eliminate shearing or problems in mechanical feed devices
  • Pneumatically convey dry solids in hopper bag dump stations with no degradation of final product
  • Convey abrasive materials by reducing close tolerance wear problems
  • Improve performance of rotary valve installations by venting and recovering blowback air
  • Handling slurries or dry solids
  • Improve performance of existing rotary valve installations
  • Convey granular solids dropped from a storage hopper into a vibrating feeder
  • Entrainment of dry powder that is difficult to "wet"
  • Used in dilute-phase (suspension flow), single-slug conveying, fluidized dense-phase, internal bypass, low-velocity slug-flow, external bypass, low-velocity plug flow, and extrusion flow modes dependent on material and product size

Steam Jet Heaters Applications:

  • Continuous Steam Jet Heater used to supply hot water for washing floors and equipment
  • Sparger Nozzle used in tank heating of liquids to maintain temperature of catalytic solution
  • Sparger Nozzle used for tank heating of liquids; providing thorough mixing of steam and liquid in a quiet operation
  • Circulating Heater used in heating and agitating solutions in pickling tanks, steel plants, and foundries
  • Inline heaters, also known as circulating heaters, are ideal for processes requiring intermittent heating while maintaining flow rate
  • Preheating process line before entering reactor vessel in chemical plants
  • Maintaining temperature of a catalytic solution
  • Maintaining quench tank temperature
  • Batch heating of semi-finished products
  • Continuous heating and mixing of pulp tanks for paper industry
  • Heating slurry for final separation in coal processing
  • Heating and agitating solutions
  • Removal of sludge from chemical drains and heating for final treatment
  • Heating and pumping oil from storage tank to transfer tank
  • Heating of glass putty slurry for processing of molds
  • Mixing two process waters
  • Agitate tank contents to increase the melting rate of sulphur melters
  • In chemical plants in preheating process line before entering reactor vessel
  • Heating soup inline before blending
  • Maintaining temperature of a catalytic solution
  • Heating of #6 fuel oil during storage at petroleum processing plant
  • Freeze protection
  • Heating and agitating the solutions used in pickling tanks in steel plants and foundries
  • Sterilizing molasses in the fermentation tanks used in alcohol plants
  • Dissolving chemical salts in the various liquids employed in process work in chemical plants and for any other installations where heating, circulating and agitation of water or other liquids are required
  • Continuous heating and mixing of chemical solutions
  • Continuous heating and mixing of make-up water in chemical processes
  • Heating of caustic soda in chemical process
  • Prevent flooding, and to heat water close to the steam saturation temperature
  • Heating large quantities of process water in oil refineries and chemical processing
  • Mixing two process waters at different temperatures in power generating plants
  • Heat H2 and SO4 with steam
  • Heating of dimethyl amine with steam in chemical processing
  • Acid cleaning steam associated with boilers in power generation
  • Heating of green liquor with steam in paper processing

Exhausters and Compressors

Mixing

  • Gas Compressor used in oil and gas industry
  • Thermocompressors provide constant recirculation of steam to watchcase vulcanizers in the manufacture of rubber tires and tubes
  • Steam Jet Compressors used to regulate precise steam temperature and recirculation in connection with yankee dryer for paper
  • Jet Compressor used to boost pressure of flash steam from a condensate receiver
  • Thermocompressor installed in parallel with diaphragm operated make-up valve to provide recirculated steam to sweep out condensate and overcome the consequent pressure drop through the drainage system
  • Mixing gas or vapor using pressurized gas or vapor as the motive force
  • Handling mixtures of condensable and non condensable gases in steam systems Mixing steam and air to alum digester in chemical processing
  • In continuous process as mixers

Exhausting/Evacuating

  • Exhauster using steam to evacuate a closed vessel
  • Steam Jet Blowers used in exhausting toxic or explosive fumes from bulk storage holds aboard ships
  • Steam Jet Blowers used to remove fumes and vapors in welding stalls in metal fabricating plants
  • Steam Jet Blowers used to ventilate areas where pocketing of gases could cause an explosion if sparked
  • Thermocompressor used in dryer bank application for condensate removal
  • Exhausting air from vacuum pans and evaporators
  • Exhausting tire molds
  • Exhausting and evacuating air or gas
  • Exhausting, evacuating, and general vacuum service
  • General vacuum service
  • Evacuation and pump priming
  • Removing asphalt fumes from storage units
  • Exhausting bulk storage holds aboard ships
  • Removing fumes and vapors
  • Ventilate grain silo
  • Removing soot from boilers
  • Forcing air into vats
  • Air and brine removal for distillation
  • Used for venting dry cargo spaces on tankers
  • Drawing off obnoxious vapors from heavy oil agitator and discharging them into a plant furnace where they are burnt off
  • Used for heat and combustion products ventilation

Pumping/Priming

  • Steam Jet Exhauster used for priming centrifugal pumps
  • Pump priming using steam, compressed air or pressurized water
  • Steam Jet Exhauster used in priming a centrifugal pump
  • Exhauster used in vacuum pumping for obtaining low suction pressures
  • Vacuum pumping using pressurized steam, compressed air or pressurized water
  • Drying drums
  • Lifting tar, pumping gases
  • Handling corrosive gases
  • Circulating steam in driers
  • Used in tire vulcanizers in tire and rubber industry
  • Handle liquefied petroleum gases and air for gas, electric, and chemical industries
  • Coal gasification
  • Used to boost the pressure of flash steam from a condensate receiver
  • Yankee Dryers; Dryer Banks
  • Proprietary chemical processing
  • Water vapor removal to maintain vacuum
  • Distillation and mixing of chemicals

Steam Jet Vacuum Systems

  • Three-Stage Steam Jet Ejector for vacuum pressure ranges from (1mm – 30mm)
  • Three-Stage Steam Jet Ejector with Steam Jet Booster is used over a wide range of vacuum and flow rates (1mm – 30mm)
  • Five-Stage Steam Jet Ejector for vacuum pressure ranges from (10 microns – 500 microns)
  • Multi-Jet Spray Type Barometric Condenser are used to handle large condensable loads generated in evaporator applications
  • Multi-Jet Spray Type Barometric Condenser in spray pond arrangement in cases where there is a shortage of cooling water and the necessity of a re-cooling system
  • Fractional distillation
  • Used to generate vacuum in vacuum impregnation systems
  • Absorption; purging of non-condensable gases
  • Vacuum drying at relatively low temperature in pharmaceutical applications where heat sensitive compounds may be destroyed by alternate drying methods
  • Vacuum degassing processes staged to achieve sufficient pumping speed while maintaining satisfactory pressure ratio across each stage
  • Vacuum dehydration
  • Evacuation and compression of gas and steam
  • Flash evaporative cooling of food products
  • Low pressure steam source used for evaporative chilling of cooked foods
  • Evaporating
  • Vacuum transfer
  • Vacuum chilling
  • Vacuum distillation
  • Removing condensate under vacuum
  • Exhausting air from vacuum pans and evaporators
  • Priming centrifugal pumps
  • Handle air or other gases at suction pressures as low as three microns hg. abs
  • Decarbonating brewery water using steam jet vacuum system
  • Creating chemical process vacuums
  • Water treating by degasifying
  • Used in degassing molten steel
  • Separation of constituents of a liquid mixture by partial vaporization and subsequent condensation to produce perfume concentrations
  • Vacuum packaging
  • Freeze drying
  • Flash cooling from high or intermediate processing temperatures
  • Steel degassing
  • Chemical distillation
  • Vapor compression evaporation
  • Thermal vapor recompression
  • Ejectors used in edible oil plant applications
  • Condensers used to support evaporators in sugar refinery
  • Handle condensable, corrosive, and contaminated loads under vacuum
  • Ejectors can handle liquid slugs and solid particles without damage to system

Scrubbers

  • Storage tank vent emission treatment
  • Industrial process toxic by-product removal
  • Emergency venting to remove volatile gases
  • Industrial odor control and treatment
  • Dust particle removal using a venturi scrubber
  • Ammonia and amine scrubbing
  • Chlorine (CI2) gas scrubbing and Hydrogen Chloride (HCl) gas scrubbing
  • Particulate removal
  • Lime dust removal from storage vents
  • Combustion off-gas treatment
  • Chlorine and HCI removal
  • Water soluble VOC scrubbing (methanol, ethanol, IPA, acetone)
  • Ammonia removal
  • SO2 and/or H2S removal
  • Treatment of laboratory off-gases
  • Scrubbing of metal treating emissions
  • Acid gas scrubbing (HCl, HF, HNO3, SO3,...)
  • Multi unit scrubber system to remove sulphur monochloride
  • Remove HCl fumes during tank venting
  • Ammonia scrubbing/recovery system
  • High gas volume with particulate applications in chemical industry
  • Halogenated Silane gas removal
  • HCN removal

Desuperheater Applications:

  • Improve heat transfer of surface type heat exchangers
  • Reduction and control of superheated steam
  • Use on boilers between superheater stages or at boiler exit
  • Control superheat temperatures at partial loads
  • Bypass of bleeder or back pressure turbines to maintain balance between process steam and power requirements
  • Balancing and make up steam in reducing pressure systems
  • Heat recovery used in industrial heating system
  • Precise control and efficient heat transfer when cooling or lowering the temperature of superheated steam in food and beverage processing
  • In power stations Desuperheaters are used to provide turbine bypass steam temperature control
  • Control steam temperature to dryer drums in paper manufacturing
  • Reduce temperature of high pressure steam to a usable pressure
  • Desuperheaters are commonly used to reduce superheat and to control the temperature of steam supplied to evaporators
  • Regulate steam temperature in shipboard service for domestic hot water and desalination processes
  • Control steam temperature to dryers in paper industry
  • Steam conditioning of superheated steam from extraction lines for heating systems
  • Improve thermal efficiency of heat transfer processes by controlling steam temperatures near saturation
  • Control unintentional superheat from reducing the pressure of steam
  • Protect downstream equipment and piping from elevated steam temperatures
  • Used upstream of heat exchangers to minimize size and cost and maximize heat transfer
  • Desuperheaters used to control steam temperature for heat recovery systems in combined cycle plants

Valves

Valve Applications: CH=Check Valves, TT=Throttle Trip Valves, PV=Plug Valves, PR=Pressure Relief Valves, ALL=All Valves, 3W=Three Way Valves

  • Three-Way valve used in feedwater heater bypass (3W)
  • Reverse flow prevention in process line (CH)
  • Turbine protection as bleeder non-return valves for electric utilities. (CH)
  • Feedwater heater bypass (CH)
  • Installed in turbine extraction pipelines that supply steam to feed water heaters, auxiliary turbines and other equipment (CH)
  • Steam turbine start-up and shut-down (TT)
  • Steam turbine emergency protection (TT)
  • Isolation of oil coolers in power plant systems (PV)
  • Equipment protection from over-pressurization (PR)
  • System protection from pressure surges (PR)
  • Used in Power industry - coal, gas-fired, combined cycle, nuclear, geothermal and solar plants (ALL)
  • Used in natural gas combined cycle plant for steam extraction and cold reheat non-return (CH, TT)
  • Extraction check valve supplied with designs for either horizontal or vertical pipeline (CH)
  • Designed and manufactured in accordance with API 611 & 612, NEMA SM23/24, ANSI B16.34 and B16.5, and ASME Section VIII (ALL)
  • Extraction steam stop valves and non-return valves are used to protect the main turbine from overspeed and from water entering the turbine (ALL)
  • Used in refineries and petrochemical plants for compressor protection, fluid catalytic cracking air blower discharge, compressor discharge lines and in process applications (CH)
  • Extraction check valves are located at extraction connections and are capable of closing within an appropriate time limit to prevent reverse flow and maintain stable turbine speeds in the event of a turbine generator trip signal (CH)
  • Used in cold reheat line preventing reheat steam from entering turbine exhaust line in the event of turbine trip (CH)
  • To prevent backflow of steam from feed water heaters, auxiliary turbines and other equipment to the main turbine after sudden load reductions or turbine trip (CH)
  • Effectively used on compressor discharge lines and discharge lines of ethylene compressor, wet gas compressor as well as air compressors in refinery and hydrocarbon units (CH)
  • Where reverse flow is desired, the valves can be configured to remain open until closed by a cylinder actuator on signal (CH)
  • Widely used in chemical and petrochemical plants in reactor emergency shut off, compressor kick-back, and suction check (CH)
Schutte & Koerting, 2510 Metropolitan Dr., Trevose, PA 19053, USA
Tel: (215) 639-0900 Fax: (215) 639-1597 Email: sales@s-k.com